The origins of European competition regulation I: national level developments
This chapter traces and explains the emergence of competition units of regulation in Europe after the Second World War, focussing particularly on the political struggles at national level in West Germany (henceforth Germany), France and the United Kingdom (henceforth UK). It argues that these competition units resulted from political compromises between agents formulating their positions on the basis of the national mercantilist or the neoliberal discourse of regulation. As accounted for in the theory chapter, these discourses entail radically different views with respect to the content and form of competition regulation. This divergence was refl ected in the nature of the competition units that were established in these European core countries.