Education as Encounter
Theorists and philosophers in the Western tradition tend to look at education today from the standpoint of the individual. There is, however, another equally valid point of view to take-that of the culture. Keeping in mind the basic insights of the past that education involves an encounter between an individual and something external and that this encounter brings about change, I will sketch in here a theory that combines the two perspectives that seldom, if ever, have been joined. Illuminating the fundamental structure of each and every educational encounter, the theory of education as encounter makes it clear that whenever and wherever education occurs, it is at one and the same time an instance of individual learning and a case of cultural transmission.