chapter  3
10 Pages

Police Organizations as Open Systems

Although traditional notions of police organization are grounded in a closed-model perspective, emphasizing the autonomy of the police from the community, there is growing recognition that police organizations are increasingly open systems. Th is perspective has featured in the work of numerous scholars (e.g., Langworthy, 1986; Maguire, 1997 and 2003; Maguire et al., 1997; Mastrofski, 1998; Zhao, 1996). I follow these researchers in considering police organizations and COP in light of an open systems framework because of its comprehensiveness, utility, and intuitive appeal.