Organizational Context and Community Policing
Just as previous research has provided insight on measuring COP implementation, it has also oﬀ ered clues on the variables that inﬂ uence it. Some of these elements constitute the organizational context for police agencies. Th is book seeks to identify elements of this organizational context that not only determine the structure of police agencies, but also facilitate or inhibit the implementation of COP. Contingency theories (based on task environment) and institutional theories (based on institutional environment) comprise the theoretical underpinning for most such studies. Having reviewed the basic components of these theories and their application to police work in previous chapters,
I turn to how task and institutional elements of organizational context may aﬀ ect COP implementation.