chapter  6
34 Pages

Planning Curriculum That is Multicultural

Debates about what schools should teach are not new. By the 20th century, according to Kliebard (1982), four main currents had developed in these debates in the United States.

1.Humanists believe that the main purpose of curriculum is to help young people learn to reason. They argue that everyone can learn to reason; they dispute the practice of dividing students by ability such that those in upper groups are taught critical thinking while those in lower groups are taught mainly to memorize information. Humanists believe that young people learn to reason by being taught to do so with practice, and by studying well-reasoned thinking. Humanists who believe that the clearest thinking is reflected in the Western classics argue that these should be central to curriculum.