The future ambitions and far-reaching aspirations of any society depend on its children. The children of today will become tomorrow’s leaders, workers, and parents. Unfortunately, some will become its criminals as well. In addressing any social problem, prevention holds far greater promise than intervention after the fact, and crime is certainly no exception. When prevention fails and young offenders confront social authority, they are sending a signal that something has gone wrong. Many will overcome their difﬁculties simply by maturing and growing up. Others will not. For them, encounters with authority will escalate if that “something” is not corrected. For a certain number of them, confrontations will become increasingly serious and frequent, until any hope for change is all but abandoned.