chapter  I
4 Pages

On Households in General


WHEREAS mankind needs food for the preservation of the individual; and the food of the human species cannot be procured without the organization of techniques,1Iil4 such as sowing, harvesting, cleaning, pounding, kneading and cooking; and the arrangement of such processes cannot conceivably be effected save by the collaboration of helpers, and the application of tools and utensils, and the consumption therein of long periods of time; (this being contrary to the case of the food of other animals, which is produced and prepared naturally,1515 so that their urge is limited to the search for fodder and water, in accordance with the demand of nature; and when they have stilled the access of hunger and thirst, they refrain from further motion); and since the restriction of mankind to the amount of their day-byday need would inevitably bring about the exhaustion of supplies and a dislocation of their mode of life, it being impossible to contrive in one day the quantity of food which forms a daily ration:

This being so, the need has befallen to store the necessaries of life and to keep them safe from the rest of one's fellows, who are partners in necessity; but safeguarding cannot be effected without a location, in which food and sustenance will not spoil, and which-at the times of sleep and waking, by day and night-will restrain therefrom the hand of both the unjust and the predator.l5l6

Thus the necessity has arisen for the building of houses. Since, however, mankind must occupy itself with the contrivance of a technique1517 that will encompass the acquisition of food, it will (tend to) remain heedless of the safekeeping of that amount which is already stored away. Accordingly, there has been a need for helpers who would reside in the houses, as deputies,lDIB for most of the time, occupied with the custody of the stores of sustenance and food. This necessity is in accordance with the preservation of the individual.