chapter  6
11 Pages

Quality Assurance and Accreditation in the United States and Canada

The past two decades have witnessed expansion, diversification and the wide

adoption of various forms of distance and online learning in higher education in

North America. In the United States, between 1988-2008 the total number of

degree-granting institutions grew by more than 1,000, the for-profit sector evi-

denced some of the strongest growth and the expansion of distance and online

enrolments outstripped the growth in campus-based operations. The same period

also witnessed growing concerns over the quality of higher education in the

United States and the effectiveness of the self-regulating accreditation agencies.