chapter  16
11 Pages

Quality Assurance in Open Schooling: National Institute of Open Schooling, India, and Open Junior Secondary School, Indonesia

Ten years have passed since the international community adopted the six

Education for All goals in Dakar in 2000. The number of children out of school

has dropped by 33 million worldwide and considerable progress has been made

towards achieving universal primary education. However, there is a corresponding

increase in demand for secondary schooling in the developing countries. Open

and distance schools are increasingly recognized as a solution to this growing

demand. Such schools are found in all parts of the world – the Commonwealth of

Learning (COL) identifies 80 schools in the Commonwealth countries alone.

Rumble and Koul (2007) find that while open schooling may have low status, be

underfunded and sometimes yield poorer results than conventional schools, it

certainly succeeds in providing education for remote and socially disadvantaged

communities in ways never before possible. In this chapter, we examine the chal-

lenges of providing quality education in two of the world’s largest open schooling

systems – the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in India and the

Open Junior Secondary School (OJSS) in Indonesia.