Quality Assurance in Open Schooling: National Institute of Open Schooling, India, and Open Junior Secondary School, Indonesia
Ten years have passed since the international community adopted the six
Education for All goals in Dakar in 2000. The number of children out of school
has dropped by 33 million worldwide and considerable progress has been made
towards achieving universal primary education. However, there is a corresponding
increase in demand for secondary schooling in the developing countries. Open
and distance schools are increasingly recognized as a solution to this growing
demand. Such schools are found in all parts of the world – the Commonwealth of
Learning (COL) identifies 80 schools in the Commonwealth countries alone.
Rumble and Koul (2007) find that while open schooling may have low status, be
underfunded and sometimes yield poorer results than conventional schools, it
certainly succeeds in providing education for remote and socially disadvantaged
communities in ways never before possible. In this chapter, we examine the chal-
lenges of providing quality education in two of the world’s largest open schooling
systems – the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in India and the
Open Junior Secondary School (OJSS) in Indonesia.