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Walls and Gates

There remain walls in and around many cities of Italy and much of Europe: city

walls and gates. For three centuries, their original protective purposes thought to

be long since past, walls were being torn down to be replaced by roads, parks,

building projects, and, after World War II, superhighways. With an awakening of

their significance in the continuity of community, the razing stopped and whatever

was left of the walls, sometimes a little, sometimes much more, were kept and

they remain, a part of the cityscape. The strange, ugly, modern Berlin Wall, an

unnatural divider of people and community, was torn down as soon as there

was a chance. Not so the older walls that remain in Italy. They are always grand.