Toward Analyzing Cognitive Illusions: Past, Present, and Future
Do you remember the first time you met Roddy Roediger? Are you certainyour answer is correct? As shown by a great deal of Roddy’s workin the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) paradigm, our memories of the past are often mistaken. Striking levels of inaccuracy have been demonstrated in a number of paradigms (e.g., Jacoby, 1999a; Lindsay, Hagen, Read, Wade, & Garry, 2004; Loftus & Pickrell, 1995) indicating that we are often subject to compelling illusions of the past that are confidently held (e.g., Roediger & McDermott, 1995). The preponderance of such memory illusions raises significant questions about both the veridicality of memory and its relation to the subjective experience of memory. For example, can subjective experience permit one to distinguish true from false memories? How does subjective experience relate to the control of memory?