Foxes, Hedgehogs, and Mirror Effects: The Role of General Principles in Memory Research
Memory research is no exception. Looking at the field of verbal learning from the unreliable perspective of the 21st century, it seems that the early history of this topic was a golden age for hedgehogs. Indeed, much of memory research seems to have been driven by the handful of principles embodied by interference theory (for a review, see Crowder, 1976). More generally in psychology, the research program of the Behaviorist era can be viewed as an ambitious attempt to discover general principles of learning that can apply to different types of information and different species.