Learning and Memory
All learning is based on one of the key principles of the structure, development, and functioning of the nervous system: plasticity.
As previously discussed in chapter 5 on the principles, models, and theories, (neural) plasticity may be manifested in several ways. Developmental plasticity involves changes in connections that occur after birth as a consequence of interactions with the environment. These changes make possible the process of learning and acquiring new experiences but are also a result of these processes and are present until old age. Another type of plasticity refers to the ability to recover functions after brain damage (or more generally, after damage to the central nervous system).