chapter  5
4 Pages

On Progress in History (From the fi rst lecture to King Maximilian II of Bavaria “On the Epochs of Modern History”, 1854)

If we were to assume, in common with many a philosopher, that all of mankind is developing from a given original state to a positive goal, we could conceive this process in two ways. Either a general guiding will promotes the development of the human race from one point to another or there is in mankind a vestige of spiritual nature which of necessity drives things toward a certain goal. I would not consider these two views to be either philosophically tenable or historically demonstrable.