chapter  VI
Pages 20

SociALISTS have always been proud of being internationalists, though they have always had to work in practice mainly within national units, attempting to win power within their own countries as a step towards the establishment of fraternal relations among the peoples of the entire world. Even the Russians, in preaching world revolution, have had to try to present at any rate the appearance that each people is accomplishing its own liberation, rather than being ' forced to be free ' by the might of the Soviet Union. Where socialist parties win power by constitutional means and become the source of parliamentary governments, their first task is necessarily that of advancing towards Socialism within the national frontiers by measures of re-distribution of incomes, expansion of social services, planning for full employment, and nationalisation of such parts of the economy as seem most to need co-ordination as instruments of a planned economic policy. This necessarily involves the danger that Socialism in practice may deny its internationalist principles by becoming unduly nationalistic.