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On 23 May 2008 the International Court of Justice (hereafter Court) rendered its decision in the Case between Malaysia and Singapore concerning Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge (hereafter Pedra Branca Case).1 The Court ruled by a vote of 12 to 4 that Singapore has sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pula Batu Puteh (hereafter Pedra Branca)2 by a vote of 15 to 1 that Malaysia has sovereignty over Middle Rocks. The Court further ruled by a vote of 15 to 1 that sovereignty over South Ledge belongs to the State in the territorial waters of which it is located.