chapter  5
21 Pages

Carrot and stick: The domestic COIN paradigm, 1980–1985

As the security situation deteriorated – and some in the apartheid government and securocracy began to develop a sense that a political solution, an accommodation of sorts, with the state’s opponents had to be found while the security situation was stabilised – the Botha government introduced a twin-track approach of reform and direct, intelligence-led targeting. This approach was not, however, to succeed – and, as will be discussed here as well as in Chapters 6 and 7, an even more direct approach to countering the state’s opponents would be chosen.