Japan’s fisheries can be divided into three categories: (1) Pelagic fisheries which operate in far-away waters all over the world. (2) Offshore fisheries which are conducted by fishing boats being on the fishing grounds outside the archipelago for about a week at a time. (3) Coastal fisheries which are operated by small craft leaving and returning to their home bases every day. Though the coastal fisheries only amount to a fraction of the total catches, they engage the majority of the fishing enterprises.1 The majority of the fishermen are engaged on these small craft which have their bases in small fishing communities spread all over the Japanese coast. This book will discuss one of these communities, namely Shingū.