chapter  2
63 Pages

The global challenges of sustainable development

Chapter 1 showed that ideas about how best to achieve development and about society’s relationship with the environment changed significantly through the last decades of the twentieth century, particularly as evidence emerged ‘on the ground’ about the successes and failures therein. Most recently, the global challenges of finding patterns and processes of development that are more sustainable have been exposed starkly by the global economic crisis. Previous trends of globalisation and continuing economic growth that ‘many were starting to see as unstoppable’ (Forum for the Future, 2010: 17) have been disturbed. There is much debate as to whether this new context

can provide unique opportunities for sustainable development and for the ‘world to reconstruct itself’ (UNICEF, 2009) or whether it will threaten progress made.