Actors and actions in sustainable development
It is evident through the previous chapters that taking action towards new patterns and processes of development that are more sustainable is a challenge for all levels of society, from individuals to the global community. This chapter identifies some of the actors, institutions and organisations considered key to shaping future sustainability: the international environmental and financial institutions, governments, business and civil society. Concurrently, a number of core arenas that explicitly link the prospects for sustainable development in less developed countries with actors and activities beyond their boundaries are also investigated: those of aid, trade and debt. The chapter
considers the broad kinds of activity that they are undertaking and identifies how these have changed as understanding of the demands of sustainable development in practice have evolved. Of particular importance is the way that these different actors in practice increasingly work together, across different scales and through varied mechanisms in the pursuit of sustainable development.