chapter  4
60 Pages

Sustainable rural livelihoods

In 2008, for the first time in human history, the world’s population became predominantly urban based. However, there are significant differences in the levels, patterns and processes of urbanisation worldwide. Currently, of the 5.5 billion people in developing countries, 3 billion live in rural areas (WB, 2008b) and it is projected that developing regions as a whole will remain predominantly rural

until around 2020. Providing sustainable rural livelihoods for the current and future populations remains central to meeting both development and conservation needs within the developing world.