chapter  V
14 Pages


DURING the last fifty years Japan has fought three major wars-first against China in 1894-5, then against Russia in 1904-5, and lastly as one of the Allied Powers against Germany during the World War. From all of these Japan has reaped good profits, acquired new territories, obtained industrial and trade expansion and gained international prestige. War has thus appeared to her leaders and people as a beneficial instrument of national policy, and little wonder it is that war has been persistently developed and regarded in the land of the Mikado as a lucrative national occupation. Indeed, to the contemporary rulers of Japan, “war is the father of creation and the mother of culture, for it stimulates the individual as well as the nation to creative efforts”.1