chapter  19
12 Pages

Protection of childhood and motherhood in the countryside

The roots of the social security in Russia go back to the late nineteenth century when the tsarist government inquired into the nature of social security and implemented basic provisions for the sick, elderly, and invalids, as well as measures to promote, protect, and provide for motherhood. But the expansion of these legislative provisions would take place after the Revolution of 1917 when the social programs, which were extended to the majority of the population, would surpass similar programs in most other countries of the world. To the present day, the system of social security, including provisions for motherhood and childhood that exist in Russia, is one of the best in the world.