When Richard Boleslavsky, Alexander Koiransky andMaria Ouspenskaya ﬁrst taught theater in this country, many people received conﬂicting ideas. Some thought they heard the words “eﬀective memory” instead of “aﬀective memory;” the pronounciation of the word “bits” sounded to American ears like “beats” and this set up a whole school of thought based on rhythms in a play. It should also be stated that the well-known purple envelope, vase, inkwell and what-not, publicized as belonging to the training given by Ouspenskaya, were never used in the acting classes. These objects do not oﬀer anything of purpose for the unfolding of talent or expressive means. Their insistence that the actor must have something for himself to share before he can communicate anything to an audience goes hand in hand with their demand that he develop his individual technique for expression through control of body, voice and emotion.