chapter  8
16 Pages


Although analysis of case studies (see Chapter 10) may be the most common application of cases, cases as problems to solve represent the focus of this book. Problems to solve are the focus of any problemsolving pedagogy. The use of problems as the focus of learning is supported by problem-based learning principles. According to those principles, learning is anchored in an authentic problem. Traditional models of instruction assume that students must master content before applying what they have learned in order to solve a problem. Problem-based learning reverses that order and assumes that students will master content while solving a meaningful problem. In most educational venues, that represents a paradigm shift. Efforts to adopt principles of problem-based learning are justified because I believe that problem-based learning is the most significant curricular innovation in the history of education. That is, if implemented properly, problembased learning could have a more significant impact on learning in schools that any previous innovation.