ENTRENCHMENT AND RETRENCHMENT
THE decision to turn German universities and schools into Nazi nurseries naturally required that they should be staffed only with dependable Nazis. Anybody suspected of democratic or liberal views had to be got rid of. Accordingly, many teachers were squeezed out-some were dismissed, some were retired before their time, and others were persuaded to resign ‘voluntarily’. The Nazis preferred the last of these methods, as least likely to create consternation in other countries. For a time at least they wanted to conceal from others the full extent of their military and political schemes. In order to give this purge the appearance of a concession to the spontaneous demand of the students, Nazi agents among the students instituted boycotts of non-Nazi teachers, demanded their dismissal, etc. as early as 1932 or even earlier. The case of Professor Gumbel has already been referred to.