14 Pages

Infancy research

Toward a relational-developmental psychoanalysis
WithSeligman Stephen

Beginning in the late 1960s, a generation of creative, innovative infant interaction researchers looked directly at babies. Generally, they saw babies as more cognitively and affectively organized and influential on their worlds than previously believed. This research was innovative methodologically and conceptually: Meltzoff and Moore (1977), for example, accelerated Piaget’s timetable for the development of internal object representations (“object permanence”), showing that infants in the first days of life sucked at different rates when offered nipples, either textured or smooth, depending on whether they had seen them, although they had not sucked on them. They had some stable memory of the original nipple.