chapter  5
4 Pages

Attachment and the importance of affection

CFT is a distinctively physiology-informed therapy that is concerned with the nature, evolved functions and structure of our brains. In CFT, compassion is rooted in the evolved and socially shaped motives and mentalities that underpin altruism and care giving. Gilbert (1989, 2005a) suggested that two sources of altruism (with the motivating and processing systems) underpin compassion: One is kin altruism and attachment systems of caring, the other is based on reciprocal altruism and desires for moral and fair/just social relationships. More complex models are now developing (e.g., Hrdy, 2009).