Hegel’s Idealist Theory of the State
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) Was born at Stuttgart, and received his early education in the local grammar school. In the autumn of 1788 he proceeded to the University of Tubingen as a student of theology, but did not achieve any distinction. Subsequently, he worked for a time as a private tutor, first at Berne and later at Frankfort, where he was able to devote considerable time to study, and to work out the outlines of his general philosophy. The death of his father in January 1799 gave him a modest inheritance, and he was able to give up his tutoring and go to Jena. There he became a close friend and collaborator of the philosopher Schelling, and was soon appointed to lecture at the University in an honorary capacity. In 1805 he was appointed to an extraordinary professorship at Jena, but he drew little money from the post, and had to look for other work when Napoleon’s invasion in 1806 brought the life of the University to a standstill. After working for a year as a newspaper editor he became Rector of the Aegidien-Gymnasium in Nuremberg, a post which he discharged with considerable success until August 1816.