chapter  1
80 Pages

Nouns

Proper nouns: Esbjerg; Kirsten; Politiken (newspaper); Tyskland, Germany

Common nouns: hus, house; kat, cat; pige, girl; stol, chair

Types of common noun are:

Count nouns, i.e. concrete things and creatures: kage, cake; lærer, teacher; træ, tree

– Some abstracts are count nouns: farve, colour; glæde, joy; sygdom, illness

Non-count nouns, i.e. substances: benzin, petrol; luft, air; vand, water

– Some abstracts are non-count nouns: hvidhed, whiteness; lykke, happiness; musik, music

1.1.2 Genders

Danish nouns have two genders, common and neuter (some grammars use the term ‘non-neuter’ for common gender). Common gender nouns take the indefinite article en and the end article (definite article) –(e)n (see 1.9):

en hånd, a hand hånden, the hand

Neuter nouns take the indefinite article et and the end article –(e)t:

et hus, a house huset, the house

et æble, an apple æblet, the apple

1.1.3 Indefinite plural forms

Danish nouns form their indefinite plural in three main ways, by adding the endings –(e)r, –e or –zero (i.e. no plural ending) (see 1.4.1-1.4.6 below):

en by – byer, town – towns; en krone – kroner, crown – crowns; en stol – stole, chair – chairs; et sprog – sprog, language – languages

For plurals of foreign nouns see 1.4.7-1.4.10.