Professional development in strength and conditioning coaches: David Tod and David Lavallee
As an applied science, strength and conditioning (S&C) has been influenced by
two knowledge sources (Fry & Newton, 2002). First, the practical knowledge
developed from the role of S&C in society. As far back as ancient Egypt,
Ireland, China, Greece and Rome, records show that strength abilities were
admired and celebrated (Fry & Newton, 2002). Many individuals since these
times have engaged in conditioning regimes to develop their athletic abilities for
entertainment, competitive, military, economic, health and display purposes.
Throughout history, people have learned from their experiences and those of
others about ways to develop physical attributes. Second, the influence science
has had on the S&C field may be traced back to the renaissance, where knowl-
edge about how the body worked began emerging (Fry & Newton, 2002).
Understanding human physiology and anatomy has paved a way for learning
how to train the body. More recently, sport and exercise science has influenced