Obligations to prevent under international human rights treaties
In the previous chapter we reviewed some of the principal threats and challenges facing the world and touched on some of the human rights issues that should be kept in mind in tackling them preventively. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Council and the Secretary-General should ideally take the lead in identifying the human rights dimensions of such issues and suggest approaches and strategies for consideration by the international community. In this chapter we look at the obligations to prevent genocide and torture that governments have agreed to be bound by. We also discuss strands in international human rights jurisprudence that emphasize the duty of governments to prevent violations of human rights. We begin with preventive protection of the right to life, and speciﬁcally the prevention of genocide.