chapter  3
Effective Schools for All Students
Pages 14

The sustained pursuit of school reform has taught us many lessons. One of them is that stakeholders in most school systems disagree over the primary purposes of education and over what should be done to improve school performance. At one end of the spectrum, there are persons who believe that the primary problems in low-performing schools are lazy students and incompetent teachers; in their eyes, school improvement will only occur if principals force students and teachers to perform at higher levels. At the other end of the spectrum, there are persons who believe the primary problems in low-performing schools are ineffective structure and inadequate resources; in their eyes, school improvement requires principals to mobilize stakeholders to reshape schools and to take advantage of all community resources.