Principals, independently or collaborating with other school employees, determine how instructional programs are organized and delivered. Decisions in these areas clearly affect employees and students, but they also may have ramifications for parents, the school district, and possibly non-parent stakeholders. If affected groups disagree with an instructional programming decision, conflict typically ensues and almost certainly the following questions are asked: Who benefits from the decision? Who influenced the decision? Were all stakeholders given an opportunity to influence the decision?