Not all conflicts are settled or transformed. The most serious political conflicts are those where settlement and transformation fail – or are yet to succeed. These are the intractable conflicts. Intractable conflicts ruin families and engulf whole nations. They drag on for years, destroying lives and persisting in their virulence down the generations. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, for example, was ignited long before the time of the declaration of the State of Israel in May 1948 and was still raging unquenched when I was writing this early in 2009.