Alone on a Desert Island
Shy and withdrawn behavior occurs in childhood for many reasons. Some children are born temperamentally slow-to-warm to others and may struggle all their lives with the diffi culties of social approach (Carey & McDevitt, 1995; Greenspan & Salmon, 1996). Practice sometimes helps these youngsters learn how to make social overtures. Other children remain so anxious that they become phobic about social interchanges (Brooks & Siegel, 1996).