Concordia versus pax: the impact of Eastern governance for harmony on Western peace concepts
The concept of pax The pax concept of governance (Latin: paks or pax; English: peace; French: paix; Italian: pace; Spanish and Portuguese: paz) originates from the time of Rome’s most destructive civil war (first half of first century b.c.e.) and became famous as the Pax Romana system under Augustus (Thome 2000: 98). It refers to a certain approach to governance inside and outside an empire. This approach is mainly characterized by a policy of maintaining law and order inside by any means (non-violent and violent) and preparing for and making war outside by the means of deterrence and warfare (cf. Sölle 1983: 65-77).