chapter  2
Photography concepts
Pages 28

This chapter outlines the recurrent photographic themes of ‘objectivity’, ‘document’, ‘truth’ and the ‘everyday’ that originated in the early days of photography’s development, and indicates their significance for the inter - pretation of cities. It introduces key issues for the analysis of photographs and how they engage with ideas. In this chapter I focus on more formal considerations and the application of semiotics to the interpretation of photographic meaning, the way we ‘read’ images and respond to them and the assumptions we make as a result of what we imagine photographs do. Because photography’s historical influences emerge in Europe and the United States, I use Eugène Atget and Lewis Hine as two key examples whose subjectmatter consistently centred on the city.