chapter  11
13 Pages


Properties of reconciliation Reconciliation activities need to be set in the context of overcoming marginalization, alienation, and other psychological and social effects of violent conflict. Overall, the initial peace-building process is set in the past trajectory of horrific conflict. In order to realize coexistence, the most essential element is a change in the attitudes and behavior of adversaries. The appreciation of common humanity and respect for each other’s identity are necessary to affirm a new future. In overcoming anger and frustration accompanied by loss, social space is needed to express grief in tandem with naming and confronting fears. Social bonds are recreated by the process of remembrance and mourning (Daly and Sarkin, 2007). Rehumanizing the enemy may start from a commitment to take the risk of a journey for reconciliation and to accept the choice to forgive. The process of restoring justice starts with the admission of guilt by perpetrators and public apology. Joint planning is necessary for reviewing history and navigating solutions.