Representing the Zainichi: Victim, clown and super-cool hero
Historically, representations of zainichi in Japanese cinema have been rather
limited, both in terms of quantity and in terms of variety. The structural
absence of zainichi and other minority groups in Japanese cinema may not be
surprising, given the fact that Japanese oﬃcial discourse claimed, up until the
1980s, that Japan contains ‘no’ minorities.