chapter  5
Promoting global general welfare
Pages 21

If any part of the UN system and its basic law could be understood as optimistically turned towards bettering the condition of mankind,1 it is the concern with economic and social cooperation. Proponents of so-called “realism” generally dismiss the aims set out in a remarkably broad part of the UN Charter2 as utopian. Another stream of comment disagrees. It embraces the thought that higher living standards and human afflictions that cannot be confined by national boundaries can yield to international cooperation. Furthermore, promotion of human rights comprises conditions necessary for maintaining peace. From this foundation, UN institutional features, specific programs and Secretariat activities have evolved into a vast web of complex commitments, theories, expert networks and continuing activity.