The victors of World War II had every reason to entertain grandiose thoughts when they designed the United Nations. In the closing phase of the war, they sought a less violent world than they had just experienced. It would develop the best cooperative characteristics of a supreme alliance, such as that of the victors in World War II, and so overwhelmingly repel force. UN members would accept legal obligations to pay close attention to the needs and rights of individual persons. The enemy that they had defeated represented at the time a lawless opposite of the UN aims. It seemed the fleeting moment to take advantage of victory.