Conceptual Model for Health Promotion and Illness Prevention
Historically, psychosocial services for children and youth have been mobilized in response to a problem that needs to be understood and requires intervention. In school settings, children have been referred by teachers for psychoeducational testing when they are struggling academically or behaviorally and there is a question as to whether special education intervention is needed. In primary care settings, children with behavioral or emotional problems have been identifi ed by primary care providers and when the need for intervention is apparent, they have been referred to mental health professionals. Similarly, in hospitals children have been referred to pediatric psychologists when there are health (e.g., pain, nonadherence to medical treatment) or mental health concerns that need attention.