Some political horrors
Attempts to vindicate oneself through revenge wrongly assume that the best vindication is to make wrongdoers suffer, an assumption which is morally flawed and empirically problematic. For groups as well as individuals, devoting oneself to revenge will have significant costs. The moral critique of revenge remains pertinent at the political level, when we reflect on conflicts between groups. If anything, moral criticisms gain further credibility at the group level because in politics, campaigns for revenge nearly always bring suffering to innocent persons whose association with the original perpetrators is tenuous at best.