chapter  XI
12 Pages

DEMOCRACY

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On the other hand, there is a point to which in our economic analysis no special reference was made. The territorial divisions of mankind will remain, and will require the separate existence and authority of distinct “states.” But most of the interests of mankind transcend state boundaries, and to give to such interests international organization is a sound element in the “Guild” idea. The miners of the world, the metalworkers, the textile operatives, the agriculturists, have their common interests. Trade Union as well as Capitalistic organizations have accordingly often sought international extension, and the Socialist ideal has always comprised an “International “representing all the manual workers of the world. There is an incipient internationalism in the co-operative movement. The Church of Rome BC8;;2;08<BC>140F>A;37DA270=3<>BCA4;868>DB1>384B>50=HB86=8R20=2470E4C748A 8=C4A=0C8>=0;A0<8R20C8>=B;;C78B>A60=8I0C8>=8BAD38<4=C0AH0=38<?4A542C0B2><?0A43 with the organization of States and of subordinate associations within each State. But among other things, they have the value of offering a cross-division of humanity which runs over all the boundaries of territorial isolation, and national antagonism. It is probably necessary to the effective union of humanity-since we cannot overcome division-that it should be divided >=38554A4=C?A8=28?;4B0CC74B0<4C8<4B>C70C<4=F7>0A4>??>B438=>=4A4;0C8>=R=3 themselves cooperating in another. Moreover, if we could get the right basis for functional government in each case there is in every function something that appeals intimately to those peculiarly interested in it, and thereby calls out their public spirit and intelligence to better effect than the mixed and confused appeal of ordinary State politics. In this relation, therefore, the Guild, suitably reconstituted, may have an important governmental function before it.