chapter  2
9 Pages

Socialism and the Future of State Authority

WhatdistinguishesSorelfromMarxinthisinstanceinvolvesthe differentusesoftheterminterests.Marxheldthattheproletarianrevolutionisthehistoricalcompletionoftheclassepochbecauseit linksitsparticularclassambitionstothegeneralsocialinterest. Whereas,forSorel,theproletarianrevolutionisthecompletionofthe classepochbecauseitimmediatelydestroysallspecificclassinterests, leavingbehindthealtruismofthosewhomakerevolutionasageneral socialcomponent.Itwasthisdifferencewhichledtoatheoretical ruptureofsocialismandanarchism.Whatwasatstakeinthisseeminglymoraldefinitionofinterestswasthemajorpoliticalquestion: whatshouldtheattitudeoftherevolutionarybetowardthechiefinstrumentofcoercionandsocialdomination-theState.