chapter  2
9 Pages

From the Philosophy of History to History as Myth

SorelwentbacktoMachiavelliinseeingself-interestasanoperativeforceinthepoliticallifeofthenation,nolessthanintheeconomy,inthefunctioningoftheStatenolessthaninrelationsofproduction.Itwaslikewiseaservicetopoliticalethicsthathedrewthe consequencesofthisinsight,theneedforasocialisttheoryofgovernmentaswellasasocialisttheoryofeconomy.Theledgerwouldhoweverbeincompletewithoutadebitentry.ForSorelattributedto wrongcausesthisconflictbetweenprivatepowerandpublicpower. HesawitintheemploymentbysocialistsoftheideologyandphilosophyofEnlightenmentratherthaninthecomingintobeingofnew objectivefactors,suchasanincreasedrateofsocialmobility,the growthofnewmarketareasandtheshifttogovernmentregulation ofeconomicfluctuations.