The Los Angeles School of Black Filmmakers: Ntongela Masilela
Only with the passage of time is it possible to reconstruct the conditions under which a Black independent filmmaking movement emerged in Los Angeles in the early 1970s. Founded at the University of California, Los Angeles, by African and African-American students, most of whom were completing a film degree in UCLA's Theater Arts Department, the movement had two distinct waves. 1 The first included Haile Gerima, Charles Burnett, Larry Clark, John Reir, Ben Caldwell, Pamela Jones, Abdosh Abdulhafiz, and Jama Fanaka; among those in the second were Bill Woodberry, Julie Dash, Alile Sharon Larkin, and Bernard Nichols. This essay solely concerns the first group, focusing on its structure and cultural configuration.