chapter  12
12 Pages

New turbulence: 2005–2008

The future, famously, is ‘always open’. The perils of prediction are always great: in regard to the EU, with its frail legitimacy but relative durability, they often seem particularly so. In this chapter, we shall briefly examine some of the developments of the period 2005 to mid-2008, which during that time appeared of undoubted importance, but which, at the time of writing, are too close at hand to permit of anything like a well-reflected view.