Everyone has a way of framing issues of care and justice, formed through experiences in their families, communities, and educational institutions. The frames people hold are complex and diﬃcult for them to articulate, perhaps even to understand, because their frames are formed through experience with formal and informal learning, including cultural experiences. One aspect of these personal frames is what a person thinks they value, or their beliefs. Most people can quickly respond to questions about beliefs, but their responses may be guarded in a social setting because of their feelings about what others may expect to hear. Actions often diﬀer substantially from beliefs, not just because of the ways people ﬁlter what they say through social expectations, but also because values in action (i.e. the ways actions communicate values) often really do diﬀer from their beliefs. To understand values in action, it is important to consider the role of faith traditions along with socially constructed reasoning about values.